The much-anticipated Comet ISON is now visible to the naked eye according to reports from many observers.
Comet ISON — the potential “comet of the century” — has suddenly brightened in an outburst of activity with just two weeks to go before it literally grazes the surface of the sun.
In recent months, Comet ISON has repeatedly befuddled forecasters trying to anticipate just how bright it will ultimately become. But earlier this week, the comet’s brightening trend again seemed to sputtering and stalling, but more recent observations suggest a sudden and radical upsurge in brightness.
Comet ISON Lightens Up, Literally
Comet ISON is now in full outburst mode, becoming many times brighter over just the past few days. Astronomers measure the brightness of objects in the night sky as magnitude, in which the brighter an object is, the lower its magnitude number. The human eye can perceive objects as faint as magnitude +6.5.
According to veteran comet observer, John Bortle, Comet ISON was shining only at magnitude +8.5 on Monday (Nov. 11) morning — more than six times too dim to be visible to the unaided eye. But by Wednesday morning, the comet’s brightness had increased three-fold brightening to +7.3.
If that was a surprise, an even bigger one was waiting for Bortle on Thursday morning (Nov. 14).
“Ready to go at 4:45 a.m. but I couldn’t figure out what the funny-looking, blotted, star that came into view was,” Bortle said. “(Was my) seeing that bad? But, no, the ‘blotted star’ was, in fact, at the comet’s position! Getting to the point, the little but intensely condensed, globular cluster-looking comet was a whopping magnitude 5.4 — two full magnitudes brighter than just 24 hours ago! This makes for a three magnitude total rise since my observation on Monday.”
In just 72 hours, Comet ISON increased nearly 16 times in brightness.
Carl Hergenrother, acting co-coordinator of the comet section of the Association of Lunar and Planetary Observers, has confirmed Bortle’s observations.
“ISON has dramatically brightened over the past few days,” Hergenrother told SPACE.com via email. “The latest observations put the comet around magnitude 5.7 to 6.1 which is a 2+ magnitude increase from this weekend. My own observations from this morning in 10×50 and 30×125 binoculars show a nice ‘lollipop’ comet with a very condensed blue-green head and a long narrow tail. The tail was over 1 degree in length even in the 10x50s. The comet may continue to brighten as the outburst is still in its early stages.”
Unmistakable Comet Outburst
Long Island amateur Dennis Wilde was also impressed by ISON’s appearance in the predawn sky Thursday morning.
“ISON, while not as large as the full moon, was an impressive sight in the eyepiece,” Wilde said. “The coma was compact with a very bright apparent nucleus, very bright green in color. The tail was very thin and bright near the coma and widened slightly as it extended out to almost 3.5 degrees as seen in the 15″. It wasn’t huge or extraordinarily bright but it was a great view nonetheless. I viewed the coma at up to 490x and it was uniformly dense and bright. There was no indication of the start of any breakup. After finding it with the telescope it was quite easy to pick out the coma with the .”
This outburst is not completely unusual since ISON has demonstrated short “spurts” of brightening over the past few weeks, but they were quickly followed by abrupt slow-down in its brightening trend.