Sushi, meaning “sour tasting,” originally comes from Southeast Asia. The oldest form of sushi, narezushi, involved the fermentation of rice and fish. However, only the fermented fish was consumed, while the rice just was used in the fermentation process [Wikipedia].
For many people, going out for sushi can be a bit intimidating with the prospect of having to use chopsticks without embarrassing yourself and knowing what to order. If you don’t now how to use chopsticks, don’t feel too bad, I once had a friend who chose to stab the middle of his sushi with one chopstick. Needless to say, he didn’t succeed in grabbing the sushi very well. I wish that he had just stuck to his fork.
That being said, here is a bit about different types of sushi, common rolls you should know before dining and a pretty helpful diagram on how to correctly use chopsticks. I hope this gives you a place to start.
Vocab Terms You Should Know
- Sashimi – Thinly sliced raw fish
- Nigiri – A slice of fish on top of a bed of rice
- Temaki – Hand roll
- Ebi – Shrimp
- Hamachi – Yellowtail
- Maguro– Tuna
- Ika – Squid
- Kani – Crab meat
- Sake – Salmon
- Unagi – Freshwater eel
- Wasabi – Made from horseradish, cabbage, and mustard
- Daikon – A white radish
- Nori – Seaweed wrappers
- Gari – Pickled ginger
- Agari – Green tea
- Gyoku – Sweet omelet
- Otemoto – Chopsticks
- Neta – Toppings
- Tsume – Sweet sauce that contains soy sauce
Different Types of Sushi
Makizushi (Rolled Sushi)
Chirashizushi (Scattered Sushi)
Inarizushi (Fried Tofu Pouch)
Oshizushi (Pressed Sushi)
Common Types Of Rolls
1. California Roll
Contents: Crab meat or imitation crab, cucumber, and avocado.
2. Spider Roll
Contents: Battered deep-fried crab, cucumber, avocado, daikon sprouts or lettuce, and spicy mayonnaise.
3. Caterpillar Roll
Contents: crab, avocado (on top), cucumber, and eel.
4. Seattle Roll
Contents: Cucumber, avocado, smoked salmon, and cream cheese.
5. Rainbow Roll
Contents: A California Roll topped with any of the following fish: tuna, yellowtail, salmon, snapper, white fish, and eel.
6. Philadelphia Roll (Philly Roll)
Contents: Raw or smoked salmon, avocado, cucumber, and Philadelphia cream cheese.
7. Dynamite Roll
Contents: Yellowtail or prawn tempura (fried), and some of the following fillings: bean sprouts, carrots, cucumber, spicy mayonnaise, avocado, and roe (fish eggs).
Contents: Raw tuna and rice wrapped in seaweed.
9. Dragon Roll
Contents: Eel, cucumber, and white rice topped with avocado.
10. Las Vegas Roll
Contents: Deep fried salmon, avocado, crab meat, cream cheese, and eel sauce.
10 restaurants mentioned in this article
About Lauren Sporck
Part of the marketing team here at Urbanspoon. I love discovering new restaurants with my friends. I have three years of experience in the restaurant industry. I’ll eat anything wrapped in bacon or containing bacon. I love artisan cocktails, wine and Italian food. Favorite Appetizer: Bacon-wrapped dates Favorite Dessert: Crème Brûlée